Achilles Tendinopathy and Therapeutic Ultrasound
The Achilles tendon joins your heel bone to your calf muscles and is an important part of your leg. Achilles Tendinopathy is a condition that causes pain, swelling, stiffness and weakness of the Achilles tendon. This happens because of repeated tiny injuries to the Achilles tendon and these injuries not healing completely each time. As a result, over time, Achilles Tendinopathy can occur.
Some of the most common causes for this condition are as follows:
● Overuse of the Achilles tendon (e.g. runners)
● Wearing inappropriate footwear when training or exercising
● Having poor training or exercising technique
● Making a change to your training program
● Training or exercising on hard or sloped surfaces
● Having a high‐arched foot
● Having poor flexibility
Due to this condition being caused mainly by overuse of the Achilles tendon, rest and time off from sporting activities is important. However, complete rest is not recommended and can actually be work for your injury. Also switching to well‐padded and supportive shoes can help relieve the stress on your Achilles tendon.
Therapeutic ultrasound can help reduce the swelling and improve tendon healing. It improves tendon healing by stimulating cell migration, proliferation and collagen synthesis of tendon cells. Tendon healing requires tendon cells migration to the repair site. Therapeutic ultrasound helps promote formation and maturation of scar tissue.
It can take anywhere between 3 to 6 months for the symptoms of Achilles tendinopathy to get better. Remember to stretch your Achilles tendon every day to strengthen it.