Trochanteric Bursitis and Therapeutic Ultrasound
Trochanteric bursitis is the inflammation of the bursa (a fluid filled sac near a joint) at the outside point of the hip, known as the greater trochanter. When this bursa becomes inflamed or irritated, it causes hip pain. Trochanteric bursitis occurs mostly in elderly or middle aged women. Men and younger people are less likely to be affected. People affected by trochanteric bursitis will feel pain on the outside of the hip and thigh or in the buttock.
Some of the most common causes for this condition are as follows:
- Injury to the point of the hip
- Play or work activities that cause overuse or injury to the joint areas
- Incorrect posture
- Stress on the soft tissues
- Other diseases or conditions (arthritis, gout, psoriasis)
- Previous surgery around the hip
- Hip bone spurs or calcium deposits in the tendons that attach to the trochanter
It is possible to experience some relief with simple lifestyle changes. A temporary solution for example would be to avoid the activities that worsen the symptoms. However, this is only relieving the symptoms rather than curing the ailment. Assistive devices can also be used, such as a walking cane or crutches. Anti‐inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen can be used to relieve the pain and help with swelling. Steroid injections may also be used.
Therapeutic ultrasound creates sound and pressure waves that penetrate beneath the skin’s surface layers. It’s very non‐invasive, which makes it a popular treatment choice. The benefits of therapeutic ultrasound on trochanteric bursitis include increased blood flow, which helps deliver more oxygen and nutrients to the damaged tissues. This aids the healing process. Therapeutic ultrasound also helps reduce guarding of the muscles, swelling and inflammation of tissues to relieve pain and decrease the risk of chronic trochanteric bursitis. It also helps remove cellular waste and toxins to make room for new healthy cells.